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Quotas for Women in PoliticsGender and Candidate Selection Reform Worldwide$
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Mona Lena Krook

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195375671

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375671.001.0001

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The Adoption of Gender Quotas

The Adoption of Gender Quotas

(p.19) TWO The Adoption of Gender Quotas
Quotas for Women in Politics

Mona Lena Krook (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter addresses the adoption of gender quotas. It reviews four explanations for quota adoption: women's mobilization, elite strategies, normative consistency, and international norms and transnational sharing. It considers the evidence for and against each account and finds that no single account describes all cases. Rather than search for another universal explanation, the chapter draws on these patterns to make a case for treating quotas as a global phenomenon, and thus, for exploring the possibility of causal diversity among quota campaigns. It suggests that each argument may characterize only some cases, at the same time that some may tell only part of a larger story that engages several of these narratives. To manage this complexity, the chapter disaggregates these explanations into their component parts to identify three sets of actors and seven possible motivations for quota reform.

Keywords:   gender quotas, policy adoption, women's movement, elite strategies, norms and politics, international norms, causal diversity

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