This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It identifies the limitations of the logic of discipline, including its lack of candor about motivation, its underdevelopment as a political philosophy, and its flawed conception of how governmental processes are reformed. The reforms canvassed in this book were closely connected with the larger project of advancing global capitalism, and the extent to which someone favors aspects of this reform program hinges substantially on his or her opinion of the wisdom of that larger project. But a citizen can be skeptical about globalization and nonetheless concede the seriousness of some of the problems canvassed in this book, such as fiscal drift, uncontrolled inflation, or declining tax ratios. The question is how to best address these problems. How do we craft reforms that are effective and durable? An important preliminary step is to develop a more sophisticated way of thinking about the goals and process of reform. We can begin by abandoning three words that featured prominently in reform debates in the era of liberalization: depoliticization, autonomization, and discipline.
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