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Anthropology and Public HealthBridging Differences in Culture and Society$
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Robert A Hahn and Marcia Inborn

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195374643

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.001.0001

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Structural Violence, Political Violence, and the Health Costs of Civil Conflict: A Case Study from Peru

Structural Violence, Political Violence, and the Health Costs of Civil Conflict: A Case Study from Peru

Chapter:
(p.196) 7 Structural Violence, Political Violence, and the Health Costs of Civil Conflict: A Case Study from Peru
Source:
Anthropology and Public Health
Author(s):

Tom Leatherman

R. Brooke Thomas

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0008

Over past decades, armed conflict has claimed millions of lives and left many more prone to hunger, malnutrition, disease, psychological trauma, and the chronic effects of disrupted lives, livelihoods, and environments. Thus, armed conflict is a political-economic, environmental, and major public health issue. This chapter first reviews the public health impacts of armed conflict worldwide, and then provides a case study from a recent civil conflict in Peru, 1980–2000. It argues that pre-conflict inequalities were important precursors to the civil war in Peru, and that the war impacted the lives and livelihoods, food security, social relations, and psychosocial well-being of local populations in uneven ways. These impacts will shape levels of inequality, health, and well-being for years to come.

Keywords:   armed conflict, public health, structural violence, Peru, Sendero Luminoso

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