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Perception and Basic BeliefsZombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World$
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Jack C. Lyons

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373578

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.001.0001

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Doxastic and Nondoxastic Theories

Doxastic and Nondoxastic Theories

Chapter:
(p.20) 2 Doxastic and Nondoxastic Theories
Source:
Perception and Basic Beliefs
Author(s):

Jack C. Lyons (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0002

This chapter sharpen the standard taxonomy of doxastic and nondoxastic theories, invoking two crucially orthogonal principles: the Belief Principle holds that only beliefs can serve as evidence for beliefs; the Grounds Principle holds that every justified belief must be based on evidence. Though the former principle is often cited as the central slogan of doxastic theories, it is only part of doxasticism and is actually something an externalist can embrace. The famous Sellarsian dilemma, which argues that nondoxastic experience, “the given,” cannot justify beliefs, therefore does not provide an argument for doxasticism. Rejecting doxasticism on independent grounds while accepting the Belief Principle provides a novel argument against the Grounds Principle and therefore in favor of a nonevidentialist epistemology.

Keywords:   evidence, evidentialism, nondoxastic experience, Sellarsian dilemma, the given, foundationalism, coherentism, externalism, basic belief, J-factor

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