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Perception and Basic BeliefsZombies, Modules and the Problem of the External World$
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Jack C. Lyons

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195373578

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.001.0001

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External Object Foundationalism

External Object Foundationalism

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 External Object Foundationalism
Source:
Perception and Basic Beliefs
Author(s):

Jack C. Lyons (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373578.003.0001

This chapter is partly stage-setting. It introduces a theory called “External Object Foundationalism,” according to which some basic beliefs are beliefs about external objects and not merely beliefs about simple a priori truths and one's current mental states. This view, sometimes called direct realism, though construed here as an epistemological view and not a metaphysical view about the nature of perception, is poised to solve the traditional skeptical problem of the external world as well as offer a handy solution to the perennial problem of whether there is a principled distinction between perception and inference and if so, where to draw the line. External Object Foundationalism raises a question of central importance to this book: if some beliefs about external objects are basic, which ones?

Keywords:   foundationalism, perception, problem of the external world, direct realism, basic belief, inference, skepticism

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