Chapter Six introduces Oberammergau’s venerable Music Club, whose members, dressed in colorful uniforms, played a crucial role in both Catholic processions and the entertainment of tourists, as well as Passion seasons. Yet they led an oblique form of democratic opposition to Mayor Lang after the 1934 Passion Play season was completed. Both Nazis and Catholics pursued their separate cultural agendas in an increasingly hostile dynamic during the mid 1930s. Nazi organizations included the Women’s League, the German Labor Front and its Strength through Joy subsidiary, the Community Welfare Association, the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls. Catholics faced increasing restrictions on their associational activities but maintained an active ritual round, despite eventual circumscription of their traditional processions. The single Jew living in Oberammergau was driven out during Kristallnacht in 1938 and forced into emigration following a brief stint in Dachau.
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