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Global CompassionPrivate Voluntary Organizations and U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1939$
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Rachel M. McCleary

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371178.001.1

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The Golden Age of PVO-State Relations

The Golden Age of PVO-State Relations

(p.103) 5 The Golden Age of PVO-State Relations
Global Compassion

Rachel M. McCleary (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The shift from humanitarian relief to development was formally initiated with the “New Directions” legislation of 1973. This chapter discusses the federal government’s use of grants to help domestic agencies become international and to professionalize the staff of relief agencies so that they could effectively carry out development projects. As the number of agencies grew, their activities became more diversified. As a consequence, many agencies became transnational, focused on an issue rather than a geographic region. Increasingly, PVOs assumed an advocacy role countering U.S. foreign policy on human rights and hunger. This chapter discusses the transnational structure of PVOs as they work on issues across geographic regions. In becoming transnational, the PVOs became accomplished advocates in the political arena.

Keywords:   New Directions legislation, grants, contracts, Operational Program Grants, Development Program Grants, Matching Grants, IDCA, transnational

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