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Global CompassionPrivate Voluntary Organizations and U.S. Foreign Policy Since 1939$
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Rachel M. McCleary

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195371178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371178.001.1

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The Internationalization of American Aid

The Internationalization of American Aid

(p.83) 4 The Internationalization of American Aid
Global Compassion

Rachel M. McCleary (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The field of international relief and development during the 1960s went through several changes. The foreign policy agenda of John F. Kennedy’s administration brought significant reform to foreign assistance. This chapter discusses the effects of that reform on the increasing numbers of secular agencies known as volagencies and the permanence of federal funding programs to PVOs. The creation of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) gave the federal government the institutional means of promoting and increasing PVO involvement in foreign assistance. Mirroring changes in American society, evangelical PVOs began to grow in both number and revenue with private funds, not federal dollars. With U.S. military involvement in the Vietnam War, a third point of contention—political neutrality—among PVOs arose.

Keywords:   Foreign Assistance Act, USAID, population control, technical assistance, Food for Peace, Vietnam War, gifts-in-kind

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