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The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Health and Well Being$
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Cynthia Franklin, Mary Beth Harris, and Paula Allen-Meares

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195370591

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370591.001.0001

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Screening Substance Use/Abuse of Middle and High School Students

Screening Substance Use/Abuse of Middle and High School Students

(p.43) 3 Screening Substance Use/Abuse of Middle and High School Students
The School Practitioner’s Concise Companion to Health and Well Being

Lori K. Holleran

Soyon Jung

Oxford University Press

Adolescent substance use has been a major concern in this country. According to the Monitoring the Future study conducted by the University of Michigan and supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a high percentage of American youth has tried or currently use various illicit drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. Among the 8th, 10th, and 12th graders surveyed in 2003, for example, one third were using alcohol and one sixth smoked cigarettes. In addition, many adolescents use illegal drugs including marijuana, ecstasy, and LSD. Approximately 17% reported illicit drug use during the month prior to the survey and 37% reported that they had tried it at least once during their lifetime. This chapter discusses the substance use/abuse screening methods that school mental health professionals can easily utilize. It presents a summary table of screening tools developed particularly for the adolescent population. It discusses two screening instruments — Problem-Oriented Screening Instruments for Teenagers (POSIT) and Rutgers Alcohol Problem Index (RAPI) — which are considered most efficient at school settings. This information covers how to administer the instruments and how to interpret the results. Finally, a case example is provided to demonstrate the techniques described in the chapter.

Keywords:   substance abuse prevention, middle school students, high school students, school-based intervention, Problem-Oriented Screening, Alcohol Problem Index

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