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The Quest for StatehoodKorean Immigrant Nationalism and U.S. Sovereignty, 1905-1945$
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Richard S. Kim

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369991

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369991.001.0001

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Inaugurating a “New Korea”

Inaugurating a “New Korea”

The March First Movement and the Korean Provisional Government

(p.46) Chapter 3 Inaugurating a “New Korea”
The Quest for Statehood

Richard S. Kim

Oxford University Press

This chapter narrates the systematic efforts of nationalist leaders in the diaspora to establish a national Korean state in the aftermath of the large-scale 1919 March First uprising. Japan’s brutal suppression of the national uprising in Korea made it necessary for national liberation activities to be carried out from abroad, ushering in a new phase in the nationalist movement as the locus of political activities occurred largely outside the Korean peninsula. These activities resulted in the formation of the Korean Provisional Government (KPG) in Shanghai, which developed out of multiple ideological and strategic strands within the diaspora. The globalization of American power following World War I empowered the U.S. component of the Korean diaspora to play significant roles, ideologically and organizationally, in defining the vision of a new Korean nation-state that was embodied in the KPG. For the next several years, the activities of the KPG would remain at the center of the national liberation movement.

Keywords:   March First movement, Korean Provisional Government, Syngman Rhee, diplomatic recognition, American political ideals, national self-determination, Philip Jaisohn, Philadelphia Korean Congress, American Christian missionaries, Korea Review

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