Cloning by human hands can mean many things. It can refer to the intentional clonal propagation, via recombinant-DNA technologies, of small bits of a genome such as particular genes or regulatory DNA sequences. It can refer to the artificial stimulation of natural clonal processes, as for example by subjecting animals to treatments or research protocols that induce parthenogenesis, gynogenesis, hybridogenesis, or polyembryony, or that enforce intense inbreeding. Or, it can mean the purposeful manipulation of cells and whole genomes to generate genetically identical cell masses or even entire clonal individuals via mechanisms that may differ quite radically from those known in nature. This chapter reviews laboratory methods in biotechnology, and canvasses the resulting biological products that have emerged to date from each of these forms of human-mediated clonality.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.