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Violence in ContextCurrent Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention$
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Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369595

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.001.0001

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Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

(p.49) 4 Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence
Violence in Context

Charlotte Lyn Bright

James Herbert Williams

Granger Petersen

Oxford University Press

It has been posited that the juvenile justice system was designed around the needs of boys, who traditionally have constituted the majority juvenile court-involved population. As girls have become a larger and better understood minority in this system, however, scholarship has begun to recognize their specific pathways and needs. Chapter 4 focuses on gender and violent offending, emphasizing the most recent empirical evidence on similarities and differences in boys’ and girls’ violent behavior. The chapter addresses the following questions: What proportion of violent crimes do male and female youth commit? Are boys and girls becoming more or less violent? Why do youth behave violently in the first place, and why do girls seem to be less violent than boys? What can protect boys and girls from committing violent behavior? How do race, ethnicity, and gender impact violence and the juvenile justice system’s response to it? What are the potential young adult outcomes of violence among girls? Finally, what can we do about boys’ and girls’ violence, and what do we still need to learn in order to respond to appropriately?

Keywords:   gender differences, girls and violence, risk, protective factors, race, ethnicity, juvenile justice, prevention

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