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Violence in ContextCurrent Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention$
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Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369595

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.001.0001

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Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

Chapter:
(p.27) 3 Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence
Source:
Violence in Context
Author(s):

James Herbert Williams

Charlotte Lyn Bright

Granger Petersen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0003

While researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and service providers ask increasingly for solutions to the enduring problems of youth violence, key issues have gone unaddressed. For example, questions remain about the disparity in the prevalence of violence for African American adolescents. It is unclear whether risk and protective factors for violent behavior differ for youth of color as compared to White youth, although several theories suggest that African American youth may be socialized differently to the use and outcomes of violence. To the extent that differences in violence and associated variables are understood, researchers and practitioners will be positioned to more fully meet the needs of particularly vulnerable and marginalized groups. The purpose of Chapter 3 is to distill key race differences in violence, as well as the many risk and protective factors found in the literature. Theories that position race in the etiology of violence are reviewed. The chapter examines race and ethnic differences in the prevalence of violence as well as group variation in risk and protective factors for violence.

Keywords:   violence and violent offending, race and ethnic differences in violence, disparities, juvenile justice, theory, African American youth, youth of color, risk and protective factors

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