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Learning to be CapitalistsEntrepreneurs in Vietnam's Transition Economy$
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Annette Miae Kim

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195369397

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369397.001.0001

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Comparisons with Other Transition Economies

Comparisons with Other Transition Economies

(p.131) 6 Comparisons with Other Transition Economies
Learning to be Capitalists

Annette Miae Kim (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter extends social cognition theory by applying it to other transition cases. While Ho Chi Minh City changed rapidly, Hanoi did not. It uses real estate market data to show how the political economy interests in Hanoi that prevented the formation of private firms existed not only in bureaus and policies, but in the cognitive structures of the local population which inhibited new economic behaviors and institutions from emerging informally. It then turns to examine the emergence of private land development firms in Warsaw, Poland, which supposedly transitioned quickly because of the correct economic policies it pursued. The chapter shows the striking similarities with how the firms in Ho Chi Minh City created institutional arrangements that flouted idealized business transactions as well as how social structures lead to their different pathways to capitalism. It then makes some comparative observations of the extensive Chinese urban transition literature to locate the major similarities and differences in their transitions. The chapter concludes with the generalizable lesson that in each of these cases, social cognitive changes were needed to enable the material transfer of land for private development that undergird the transition to capitalist economies.

Keywords:   Hanoi, Warsaw, China, entrepreneurs, firms, urban development, capitalism, hedonic price, political economy, legal reform

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