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Seeing in DepthVolume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set$
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Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195367607

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.001.0001

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Historical background

Historical background

(p.a9) 2 Historical background
Seeing in Depth

Ian P. Howard

Brian J. Rogers

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the Arabs; Europe to the eighteenth century; the microscopic structure of the visual system; the discovery of cortical visual areas; the discovery of perspective; the advent of instruments; and the empiricist-nativist controversy. Section 2.2 deals with the history of binocular vision, covering Ptolemy on binocular vision; Alhazen on binocular vision; Europe to the eighteenth century; the horopter; and the physiology of stereopsis. Section 2.3 discusses the history of visual display systems, covering early display systems; the advent of the stereoscope; stereophotography; and stereoscopic movies.

Keywords:   visual science, empiricist-nativist controversy, binocular vision, Ptolemy, Alhazen, horopter, stereopsis, visual display systems, stereoscope, stereophotography

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