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The InvadedHow Latin Americans and Their Allies Fought and Ended U.S. Occupations$
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Alan McPherson

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780195343038

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343038.001.0001

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Haitian Withdrawal, 1929–1934

Haitian Withdrawal, 1929–1934

Chapter:
(p.238) 14 Haitian Withdrawal, 1929–1934
Source:
The Invaded
Author(s):

Alan Mcpherson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343038.003.0015

This chapter partly explains the reasons for the delayed departure of the marines—not only racism but also the inability of the Haitian political class to organize an effective transnational network. Another reason for the delay was the resistance of Haitian mulattoes to any social reform for the majority of blacks, and additional resistance from the marines even US diplomats, who refused to see Haitians as ready for self-government. The State Department and especially Herbert Hoover were unusually forceful in ending the Haitian occupation, not because they did believe Haitians to be ready for self-rule but because they knew that Haiti, like Nicaragua, was harming their relationship with the rest of the Americas. Eventually the transnational network coalesced in favor of Haiti and the marines left in 1934. This marked a major step in the fulfillment of the Good Neighbor Policy.

Keywords:   Haiti, racism, transnational network, Herbert Hoover, Good Neighbor Policy

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