This chapter considers legal and other policy approaches to limit youth exposure to harmful media content. A wide range of arguments against censorship of problematic content is reviewed. In particular, it is difficult to identify problematic content and to enforce its suppression. Suppression often gives rise to other more problematic content. Censorship is also costly to enforce. Another concern is that the same media content can affect various people differently, so while suppressing content may limit harm to some, it could limit good to others (examples of this are in the chapter on the Internet). Regimes can abuse censorship, and censorship can limit the benefits gained from free expression. A better approach is for the government to promote desirable behavior, which generally works better than punishing bad behavior. Media literacy is an alternative to censorship, which in principle can favorably change reactions to and consumption of media content.
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