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Sugata SaurabhaAn Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya$
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Todd T. Lewis and Subarna Man Tuladhar

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195341829

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341829.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2019

The Great Renunciation

The Great Renunciation

(p.131) 8 The Great Renunciation
Sugata Saurabha

Todd Lewis (Contributor Webpage)

Subarna Tuladhar

Oxford University Press

The poet describes how Siddhārtha chose to leave the palace in order to become a religious mendicant. Although King Shuddhodana tried to entangle the prince in royal life, this is all undone after the prince sees the “four passing sights”: an old person, the sick, the dead, a mendicant, three visions of suffering and one pointing the way beyond it. In depicting the departure from the palace, the poet follows classical sources in having this occur right after Siddhārtha's son's birth, followed by a long standoff with his father in which Siddhārtha seeks his permission. In the departure scene, the poet has lightning and thunder explain what in the ancient biographies are supernormal forces. The flight on horseback, with his horseman Chandaka, conveys the rich verdant scenery of the monsoon season. The chapter ends as Siddhārtha cuts his hair off, then sends his horse and Chandaka back to Kapilavastu.

Keywords:   Siddhārtha, mendicant, King Shuddhodana, four passing sights, Chandaka

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