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Sugata SaurabhaAn Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha by Chittadhar Hridaya$
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Todd T. Lewis and Subarna Man Tuladhar

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195341829

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341829.001.0001

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The Basic Teachings

The Basic Teachings

(p.183) 11 The Basic Teachings
Sugata Saurabha

Todd Lewis (Contributor Webpage)

Subarna Tuladhar

Oxford University Press

Hrdaya describes how after his enlightenment the Buddha was nourished by two traveling merchants, traveled to Benares to preach his first sermon to the former five companions, and there established the sangha, his monastic community of monks. The conversion of the fire‐sacrificing Kāshyapa brothers begins the poet's narration of a series of incidents that explain the growth of the Buddhist community. The poet mentions other people who donned saffron robes to become disciples such as the famous Sāriputra and Maudgalāyana, Mahakashyapa, and others. Also introduced are great merchants like Anāthapindaka who became devoted lay disciples. Interwoven are sermons the Buddha preached, in which the Dharma (“Teachings”) is set forth. Basic teachings such as Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, and the ideal of compassion are conveyed. The poet follows the Pali sources, especially the Dhammapada. This chapter covers basic doctrinal points and the formation of the Vinaya, the monastic code.

Keywords:   Buddha, Sāriputra, Maudgalāyana, Anāthapindaka, sangha, Dharma, Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, compassion, Dhammapada

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