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Rationality and the Reflective Mind$
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Keith Stanovich

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195341140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.001.0001

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Differentiating the Algorithmic Mind and the Reflective Mind

Differentiating the Algorithmic Mind and the Reflective Mind

(p.29) 2 Differentiating the Algorithmic Mind and the Reflective Mind
Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Keith E. Stanovich

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that it is useful to distinguish the algorithmic level of processing from the reflective level when discussing Type 2 processing. Individual differences in the former reflect the efficiency of the functional cognitive machinery that carries out mental tasks. Individual differences at the reflective level result from variance in higher-level goal states and epistemic thinking dispositions. Measures of intelligence index individual differences at the algorithmic level. Measures of cognitive styles and thinking dispositions index individual differences at the reflective level. The chapter summarizes empirical evidence indicating that thinking dispositions and intelligence predict independent variance in performance on various measures of rational thinking.

Keywords:   Type 2 processing, individual difference, cognitive ability, algorithmic mind, reflective mind, rational thinking, thinking dispositions

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