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Rationality and the Reflective Mind$
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Keith Stanovich

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195341140

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341140.001.0001

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Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate

Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate

(p.3) 1 Dual-Process Theory and the Great Rationality Debate
Rationality and the Reflective Mind

Keith E. Stanovich

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a discussion of Great Rationality Debate in cognitive science—the debate about how much irrationality to attribute to human cognition—detailing the contrasting positions of the Panglossians and Meliorists. It then discusses individual differences in the Great Rationality Debate, dual process theory, and the features of Type 1 and Type 2 processing. It argues that the statistical distributions of the types of goals being pursued by Type 1 and Type 2 processing are different and that important consequences for human self-fulfillment follow from this fact. An overview of the subsequent chapters is presented.

Keywords:   rationality, human cognition, irrationality, Panglossians, Meliorists, dual process theory, Type 1 processing, Type 2 processing, self-fulfillment

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