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Origins and Development of RecollectionPerspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience$
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Simona Ghetti and Patricia J. Bauer

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195340792

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.001.0001

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Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Chapter:
(p.286) 12 Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult
Source:
Origins and Development of Recollection
Author(s):

Gerri Hanten

Harvey S. Levin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0012

This chapter addresses the effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on memory skills in children. To provide a framework for the discussion of the neurobehavioral consequences of TBI in children, it first offers a brief overview of memory development and some findings regarding the relation between neural structure and memory performance in children. The multicomponent nature of memory interacts with injury variables, including the severity of impaired consciousness and associated multifocal and diffuse brain insult, together with focal lesions in the frontotemporal region, to contribute to persistent memory deficit after severe TBI in children. Prefrontal dysfunction during working memory performance is also demonstrated, suggesting that active maintenance of representations is especially altered in children with TBI, implicating compromised strategy use. Early age at the time of severe TBI is related to persistent impairment of declarative memory possibly due to diffuse axonal injury and a disruption of the neural network mediating development of this ability.

Keywords:   traumatic brain injury, memory skills, children, brain development

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