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A Just ZionismOn the Morality of the Jewish State$
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Chaim Gans

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195340686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340686.001.0001

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Zionism as an Ethnocultural Nationalism

Zionism as an Ethnocultural Nationalism

(p.9) 1 Zionism as an Ethnocultural Nationalism
A Just Zionism

Chaim Gans

Oxford University Press

Many writers conceive of ethnocultural nationalism as necessarily collectivist, illiberal, and regressive, as opposed to civic nationalism, which is commonly associated with individualism, rationalism, liberalism, and progress. This conception motivated many of the objections to Zionism. It also underpinned numerous attempts to ascribe civic components to Zionism, especially by invoking the writings and policies suggested by Herzl. Nonetheless, Zionism is fundamentally an ethnocultural nationalism. The chapter explains this in Section 1. Section 2 explains why ethnocultural nationalism and hence Zionism need not necessarily be illiberal and regressive. Section 3 explains and rejects objections to ethnocultural nationalism and thus to Zionism that are based on cosmopolitan and neutralist interpretations of liberalism.

Keywords:   civic nationalism, collectivism, cosmopolitanism, ethnocultural nationalism, Herzl, individualism, liberalism, neutralist liberalism, rationalism

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