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White People, Indians, and HighlandersTribal People and Colonial Encounters in Scotland and America$
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Colin G Calloway

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195340129

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340129.001.0001

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Clearances and Removals

Clearances and Removals

Chapter:
(p.175) 7 Clearances and Removals
Source:
White People, Indians, and Highlanders
Author(s):

Colin G. Calloway (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340129.003.0008

Beginning in the late 18th century and accelerating in the first half of the 19th century thousands of Highlanders were pushed off their lands to make way for commercial sheep farming. Many migrated to North America. About the same time, in the first half of the 19th century, the United States moved toward and then implemented a policy of Indian Removals, forcing thousands of Indian peoples from their homelands in the East to new lands in the West. With particular emphasis on the Sutherland Clearances in the north of Scotland and the Cherokee removal from Georgia, this chapter considers both phenomena as products of economic change affecting the Atlantic world, and notes that some of the Creeks, Cherokees and other Indians who were forced west were sons and daughters of Highlanders who had experienced similar dispossession.

Keywords:   Highland Clearances, sheep, emigration, Sutherland, Cherokees, Indian Removal, Trail of Tears

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