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White People, Indians, and HighlandersTribal People and Colonial Encounters in Scotland and America$
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Colin G Calloway

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195340129

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340129.001.0001

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Savage Peoples and Civilizing Powers

Savage Peoples and Civilizing Powers

(p.60) 3 Savage Peoples and Civilizing Powers
White People, Indians, and Highlanders

Colin G. Calloway (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

A core component of colonial projects in both the Highlands and Indian North America was to convert the tribal inhabitants, who were assumed to exist at an inferior stage of development. This chapter surveys depictions of tribal life in the Highlands and Indian country to illustrate how contemporaries described tribal peoples on both sides of the Atlantic in almost identical terms. It examines the attitudes and philosophies of the colonizers, their missionary and educational efforts, and the responses of Highland and Indian peoples to such conversion attempts. The Lowland-based Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge was active in mission work in both the Highlands and in Indian country. Scottish Enlightenment theories about human development exerted an important influence on emerging American Indian policy and the thinking of Thomas Jefferson.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, education, missions, cultural assault, Scottish Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge

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