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Global Child Welfare and Well-Being$
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Susan C. Mapp

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195339710

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339710.001.0001

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Child Soldiers

Child Soldiers

Chapter:
(p.67) 4 Child Soldiers
Source:
Global Child Welfare and Well-Being
Author(s):

Susan C. Mapp

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339710.003.0004

Reasons for the use of children in conflict are examined together with international protocols against their use including the Optional Protocol to the CRC and the Cape Town Principles. There are macro, mezzo and micro level reasons why this occurs including the glorification of combat and poverty on all system levels. Some children volunteer while others are forcibly recruited. The conflicts in three countries are examined as case studies: Uganda (Lord’s Resistance Army), Colombia (FARC) and Sri Lanka (Tamil Tigers). The experience of girls involved with armed groups is examined in detail as this group historically did not receive enough attention. Services for former child soldiers are analyzed, as well as the long-lasting impacts of child soldiering. Suggestions for reducing the use of child soldiers are discussed.

Keywords:   child soldiers, lord’s resistance army, FARC, tamil tigers, female child soldiers

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