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Global Child Welfare and Well-Being$
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Susan C. Mapp

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195339710

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339710.001.0001

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Child Labor

Child Labor

(p.21) 2 Child Labor
Global Child Welfare and Well-Being

Susan C. Mapp

Oxford University Press

Reasons for children to engage in labor are discussed including poverty, gender roles and political conflict. Types of labor examined include street children, working on farms, in factories or mines, or in the sex trade. The vast majority of children work in agriculture; children in countries as varied as India, Ecuador and the United States are performing work too strenuous for their developing bodies, using dangerous equipment meant for adults and are exposed to toxic pesticides. The issue of child labor involved in chocolate production is included as well. Types of work performed by street children, children in factories and mining are also examined, as well as children who choose to participate in the sex trade. Suggestions for the reduction of child labor are analyzed.

Keywords:   street children, agriculture, mining, prostitution, factories, cocoa protocol

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