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The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship$
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Eugene Borgida, Christopher M Federico, and John L Sullivan

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195335453

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.001.0001

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Diverging Ideological Viewpoints on Pathways to More Harmonious Intergroup Relations

Diverging Ideological Viewpoints on Pathways to More Harmonious Intergroup Relations

Chapter:
(p.207) Chapter 9 Diverging Ideological Viewpoints on Pathways to More Harmonious Intergroup Relations
Source:
The Political Psychology of Democratic Citizenship
Author(s):

Charles M. Judd

Bernadette Park

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335453.003.0009

Social cognition research on social categorization and stereotyping has traditionally assumed that outgroup prejudice follows from stereotyping and the categorization process. Consequently, prejudice reduction strategies typically involve efforts to reduce the salience of category boundaries. Challenging this perspective, this chapter argues that negative outgroup stereotypes ensue from prejudicial outgroup attitudes. The existence of numerous groups (and group differences) is not problematic unless these differences result in competition over scarce resources. This alternative perspective suggests that efforts at eliminating categorization are somewhat misplaced, especially given that categorization is such a fundamental part of social perception and cognition. In addition, it provides space for legitimate claims of ethnic and cultural uniqueness.

Keywords:   social cognition, stereotyping, social categorization, outgroup prejudice, multiculturalism

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