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Randomized Controlled TrialsDesign and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions$
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Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.001.0001

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Ethical Considerations of Randomized Controlled Trials

Ethical Considerations of Randomized Controlled Trials

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Ethical Considerations of Randomized Controlled Trials
Source:
Randomized Controlled Trials
Author(s):

Phyllis Solomon

Mary M. Cavanaugh

Jeffrey Draine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0002

The intention of Chapter 2 is not to review general research ethics, but rather to examine ethical issues particularly relevant to RCTs. The ethical justification for RCTs from both the perspectives of social work ethics and research ethics are explored, as well as overall ethical issues in designing RCTs. The development of well-executed RCTs as ethical research protocols involves thoughtful consideration of such factors as the following: the most appropriate questions to ask, who may be ethically eligible to be randomized, what are the most ethical comparisons to make, and how and when individuals should be randomized. Research ethics (that is, the proper conduct of scientific investigation based on cultural norms, as well as practice and professional ethics) must be taken into account in planning and designing an RCT. Special consideration is given to the ethics of internet RCTs given their increasing use.

Keywords:   practice ethics, research ethics, internet RCTs

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