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Randomized Controlled TrialsDesign and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions$
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Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333190

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Introduction
Source:
Randomized Controlled Trials
Author(s):

Phyllis Solomon

Mary M. Cavanaugh

Jeffrey Draine

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0001

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are considered the gold standard of scientific evidence when determining the effectiveness of policy and practice interventions. In order to understand the basis for the importance and utility of RCTs to community-based psychosocial interventions, Chapter 1 outlines the following: 1) establishes a definition of RCTs within the context of real-world service delivery systems, 2) distinguishes RCTs from program evaluations and from quasi-experimental and pre-experimental designs, 3) discusses the significance of RCTs to evidence-based practice, and 4) provides an overview of the following chapters, which offer practical guidance in designing, planning, and conducting RCTs for social work practice, using case examples to illustrate the material presented. In addition, Chapter 1 defines the term “community-based psychosocial interventions” as reflecting the grounding of interventions in impacting the social context of the individual, as well as the inherent change within the individual.

Keywords:   randomized controlled trial, community-based psychosocial interventions, program evaluation, quasi-experimental design, pre-experimental design, evidence-based practice

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