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The Science of Social Vision$
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Reginald B. Adams, Nalini Ambady, Ken Nakayama, and Shinsuke Shimojo

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780195333176

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2019

Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification

Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification

Chapter:
(p.295) Chapter 17 Mental Control and Visual Illusions: Errors of Action and Construal in Race-Based Weapon Misidentification
Source:
The Science of Social Vision
Author(s):

Mark B. Stokes

B. Keith Payne

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333176.003.0018

This chapter describes a research program examining the influence of race bias on visual perception, and focuses on disentangling the various ways in which we can describe these biases as perceptual. It presents the findings of two studies: the first examined cognitive control while the second examined ambiguity and subjective experience. The results from study 1 show that a lack of cognitive control, due to a hastened response, resulted in weapon bias. In study 2, cognitive control was not impaired in any way as there was unlimited time to respond. However, items were made ambiguous by presenting them near the threshold of perceptual identification. The studies indicate how these two different interplays between social context and perception can both occur depending on the factors of the situation, specifically ambiguity and cognitive control, leading to either action errors or construal errors.

Keywords:   visual perception, racial bias, cognitive control, ambiguity, construal errors, action errors

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