The seventh part of this book deals with possible neurophysiological mechanisms involved in motor synergies. It starts with a discussion of the structure-function controversy in neurophysiology. Then, it presents reviews of the literature on the role in synergy formation of different structures within the central nervous system such as the spinal cord, the cerebellum, the basal ganglia, and the cortex of the large hemispheres. The review covers animal studies, studies of patients with different neurological disorders, and studies of healthy persons. Studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation are reviewed with respect to the equilibrium-point hypothesis of movement control. Relations between neuronal population vectors and performance variables are discussed. There is one more Digression in this part addressing the issue of localization of functions within brain structures.
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