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Brother's KeeperThe United States, Race, and Empire in the British Caribbean, 1937-1962$
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Jason C. Parker

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195332025

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.001.0001

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The West Indian Watershed

The West Indian Watershed

Chapter:
(p.16) 1 The West Indian Watershed
Source:
Brother's Keeper
Author(s):

Janson C. Parker (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332025.003.0002

Describes the regional landscape prior to World War II. Outlines the factors that would launch the decolonization process and shape U.S. relations with the islands: the West Indian expatriate community in New York; the explosion of labor riots in the Caribbean, especially in Trinidad in 1937 and Jamaica in 1938, and the growth of West Indian nationalist sentiment that followed; the consequent reorientation of British policy, toward welfare and development and eventually federation and independence; the outbreak of World War II in Europe; the West Indian expatriate community forging ties with African Americans to take advantage of British weakness; and the U.S. reaction to the changed situation, leading to the 1940 Anglo-American Bases-for-Destroyers Deal and the construction of U.S. bases in the islands the following year.

Keywords:   U.S. foreign relations, British West Indies, decolonization, Caribbean, African Diaspora, African Americans, World War II, Jamaica, Trinidad, labor riots, Harlem

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