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Irish Nationalists in AmericaThe Politics of Exile, 1798–1998$
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David Brundage

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780195331776

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331776.001.0001

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The Fenian Movement, 1848–1878

The Fenian Movement, 1848–1878

(p.88) 4 The Fenian Movement, 1848–1878
Irish Nationalists in America

David Brundage

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the Fenian movement on both sides of the Atlantic. It begins with a discussion of the Great Irish Famine of the 1840s and with the influential writings of the Young Ireland exile, John Mitchel, who interpreted the Famine as an act of British genocide against the Irish people. It discusses the formation of the Fenian Brotherhood (called the Irish Republican Brotherhood in Ireland) in exile circles in New York in 1850s and then examines the organization’s growth and activities in both the United States and Ireland in the 1860s, including Fenian service in the Union army in the American Civil War, an unsuccessful Irish rebellion in 1867, and armed Fenian raids on Canada in the late 1860s and early 1870s. It concludes with an analysis of the Clan na Gael, a successor to the Fenians, in the 1870s.

Keywords:   Fenian Brotherhood, Irish Republican Brotherhood, American Civil War, Clan na Gael, Fenian raids, 1867 Irish rebellion, John Mitchel, Great Irish Famine

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