The chapter begins with a brief discussion of what Avicenna considers to be the proper subject matter of metaphysics, namely, existents qua existents, followed by a brief outline of his Metaphysics. Since it would be impossible to cover all of the issues with which Avicenna wrestles in his Metaphysics, this and the next chapter consider two closely related topics: Avicenna’s theology and cosmology. To appreciate Avicenna’s contribution to these two subjects, there is a brief history of how earlier philosophers had viewed God’s relation to the cosmos, which involved a cluster of core philosophical problems that Avicenna’s metaphysical system attempts to address. This brief history is followed by a look at Avicenna’s modal ontology, an investigation of Avicenna’s celebrated analysis of the Necessary Existent, and then ends with his account of the divine attributes.
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