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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Loyalty to a Non-Muslim State

Loyalty to a Non-Muslim State

(p.181) 6 Loyalty to a Non-Muslim State
Islam and Liberal Citizenship

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines Islamic arguments for three basic principles of civic loyalty: that non-Muslim states may enjoy permanent recognition; that a Muslim citizen may forswear any violent activities against their non-Muslim state; and that it is permissible to contribute to the self-defense efforts of a non-Muslim state. Central is the idea of contract, particularly the aman, a contract of mutual security between Muslims and non-Muslims, often used to assert a general social contract in non-Muslim states, and thus obligation to them. Arguments for actively defending a non-Muslim state tend to be that no explicit prohibition exists or that doing so may be beneficial to Muslims. However, it is also clear that political liberalism’s notion of public neutrality on controversial truth claims is attractive to Islamic scholars. On the question of permanent recognition, it is argued that Muslim citizens must adopt a form of the Modernist jihad doctrine.

Keywords:   civic loyalty, social contract, aman, political obligation, jihad, Islamic Modernism, neutrality, recognition

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