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Islam and Liberal CitizenshipThe Search for an Overlapping Consensus$
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Andrew F. March

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195330960

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001

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Islamic Objections to Citizenship in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies

Islamic Objections to Citizenship in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies

Chapter:
(p.103) 3 Islamic Objections to Citizenship in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies
Source:
Islam and Liberal Citizenship
Author(s):

Andrew F. March (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.003.0004

This chapter presents the Islamic doctrinal opposition to liberal citizenship in three parts: the problem of migrating from (hijra) or residing in (iqama) a non-Muslim state; the problem of loyalty (muwalah) to such a state; and the problem of political solidarity with non-Muslims. One can readily find, within classical and modern legal discourses on jihad and loyalty/disassociation (al-wala wa’l-bara’a), prohibitions on submitting to the authority of non-Muslim states, serving in their armies, contributing to their strength or welfare, participating in their political systems and, indeed, even residing within them. These prohibitions are not mere medieval legalisms, but rather are reflections of a range of more general Islamic beliefs, including that Muslims must always strive to live under Islamic law and political authority, that Muslims have obligations of loyalty (perhaps exclusively) to Muslims and Muslim polities, and that non-Muslims are not eligible for relationships of solidarity.

Keywords:   citizenship, non-Muslim states, recognition, solidarity, iqama, hijra, muwalah, jihad, al-wala wa’l-bara’a

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