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Jews and SamaritansThe Origins and History of Their Early Relations$
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Gary N. Knoppers

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329544

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329544.001.0001

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Samaritans, Jews, and the Contested Legacy of Classical Israel

Samaritans, Jews, and the Contested Legacy of Classical Israel

(p.1) 1Samaritans, Jews, and the Contested Legacy of Classical Israel
Jews and Samaritans

Gary N. Knoppers

Oxford University Press

Chapter 1 begins with the encounter between Jesus and the Samaritan woman in the Gospel of John, discussing frayed Samaritan-Jewish relations in the first century CE, despite strong similarities between the two groups. Topics treated in this chapter include the Jewish understanding of Samaritans as descendants of foreigners replacing the exiled northern tribes who adopted native customs and the Samaritan view of themselves as descendants of the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh who remained in the land and preserved their religion. The poor relations between them therefore did not have to do with major beliefs as much as with genealogy and history. The chapter also surveys the quest for the “ten lost tribes” in medieval and modern times, but ultimately comes back to the history of Israel and Judah in the late eighth century BCE and thereafter. It concludes with a discussion of the issue of ethnicity and the differences between critical terms such as Samarian, Samaritan, Judean, and Jew.

Keywords:   Gospel of John, Israelites, ten lost tribes, Israel, Judah, Samarians, Samaritans, Judeans, Jews

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