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Creative Suffering of the Triune GodAn Evolutionary Theology$
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Gloria L. Schaab

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329124

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.001.0001

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 Knowing and Naming in Theology and Science

 Knowing and Naming in Theology and Science

Chapter:
(p.63) 3 Knowing and Naming in Theology and Science
Source:
Creative Suffering of the Triune God
Author(s):

Gloria L. Schaab (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0004

Chapter 3 addresses the question of how theology in dialogue with science authentically expresses insights concerning the ineffable mystery of God and suffering. Because neither science nor theology can speak uncritically as if a one‐to‐one correspondence existed between the meaning of their words and the realities to which they refer, nor can they speak instrumentally as if their words were simply useful fictions, each discipline must speak in terms of a critical or skeptical realism. In so doing, each employs certain concepts, analogies, metaphors, or models to signify something akin to the entity to which its words refer. This approach to scientific and theological language leads to the methodology of inference‐to‐the‐best‐explanation. This methodology aims not at certainty but at intelligibility, not at finality but at fecundity, not at immutability but at emergence with regard to its metaphors and models.

Keywords:   epistemology, methodology, critical realism, inference‐to‐the‐best‐explanation, models, metaphor, analogy

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