Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Caring for AmericaHome Health Workers in the Shadow of the Welfare State$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Eileen Boris and Jennifer Klein

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329117

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329117.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 May 2020

Neither Nurses nor Maids

Neither Nurses nor Maids

(p.19) 1 Neither Nurses nor Maids
Caring for America

Eileen Boris

Jennifer Klein

Oxford University Press

This chapter locates the origins of home care as a distinct occupation in the visiting housekeeper programs of the New Deal. With private social welfare agencies and public hospitals reeling from the Great Depression, the Works Progress Administration (WPA) provided jobs for unemployed middle-aged women, mostly African American, to substitute for incapacitated mothers as a form of reverse foster care and attend to chronically ill and aged people in their own homes. Gender and racial divisions of labor, government funding, close cooperation between private organizations and government agencies, and provider and recipient poverty shaped the home care project. While welfare administrators treated the visiting housekeeper as above the maid, Congress classified them, like family carers, as domestics excluded from labor standards and collective bargaining. Nurses determined to restrict any home care encroachment upon their responsibilities. The legacies of the New Deal persisted for the rest of the century.

Keywords:   visiting housekeeper, new deal, domestic servants, Works Progress Administration (WPA), nurses, public hospital, Mary Jarrett, Maud Morlock, U.S. Children’s Bureau

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .