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The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and JudeWhat Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha$
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David A. deSilva

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329001

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329001.001.0001

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The Testament of Job

The Testament of Job

Job Becomes an Example of Patient Endurance

(p.237) 9 The Testament of Job
The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude

David A. deSilva

Oxford University Press

The Job of the Hebrew Bible and of the Septuagint is not an exemplar of the virtue of “patient endurance.” On the contrary, he negates the possibility of endurance and challenges God's justice as, in his case, miscarried. Hellenistic Jewish traditions, however, began to develop a different picture of Job, one in which he does indeed become the embodiment of courageous endurance, specifically with a view to God's promised reward. This is particularly clear in the Testament of Job. When James invokes Job as an example of patient endurance to be imitated, and particularly an example in which God's qualities of compassion and mercy are exhibited along with the experience of God's goals for the sufferer, he presupposes traditions about Job such as those also found in the Testament.

Keywords:   Job, Testament of Job, endurance, patience, Letter of James, Aristeas the Exegete

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