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The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and JudeWhat Earliest Christianity Learned from the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha$
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David A. deSilva

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780195329001

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329001.001.0001

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Jewish Martyrology and the Death of Jesus

Jewish Martyrology and the Death of Jesus

2 Maccabees and the Lives of the Prophets

(p.158) 7 Jewish Martyrology and the Death of Jesus
The Jewish Teachers of Jesus, James, and Jude

David A. deSilva

Oxford University Press

Reflection on the deaths of the Maccabean martyrs such as one finds in 2 Maccabees 6–7 and 4 Maccabees, together with the development of traditions concerning the violent deaths of the major prophets, provides a sufficient basis for Jesus' expectation, and articulation of this expectation during his lifetime, of a violent death as the outcome of his witness. Jewish martyrology also provides sufficient basis for his expectation both of vindication through resurrection and his expectation that his obedience to God to the point of suffering death with bring benefits to the Jewish nation, or at least his followers, within the framework of the covenant (or the inauguration of the new covenant).

Keywords:   martyrs, 2 Maccabees, Vicarious death, Deuteronomistic theodicy, Jesus, death of Jesus, Passion predictions, new covenant

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