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Hormones and Brain Plasticity$
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Luis Miguel García-Segura

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326611

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.001.0001

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Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Chapter:
(p.105) Chapter 5 Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones
Source:
Hormones and Brain Plasticity
Author(s):

Luis Miguel García-Segura

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and oxytocin—hormones released in the neurohypophysis. It then analyzes the plastic actions of corticotropin-releasing hormone, prolactin, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, insulin, growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-I (GF-I), erythropoietin and angiotensin. Finally, the chapter considers the effects of feeding hormones leptin, ghrelin, and glucagon-like peptide-1 on neural plasticity. These hormones exert important plastic actions on the organization of neuronal circuits involved in the control of food intake and energy balance, but also promote plastic remodeling of cognitive brain areas.

Keywords:   corticotropin-releasing hormone, prolactin, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, insulin, growth hormone, erythropoietin, angiotensin, glucagon-like peptide-1, vasopressin, oxytocin, leptin, ghrelin

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