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Making Public Places SaferSurveillance and Crime Prevention$
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Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195326215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.001.0001

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How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

Chapter:
(p.33) 3 How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?
Source:
Making Public Places Safer
Author(s):

Brandon C. Welsh

David P. Farrington

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0003

This chapter investigates how surveillance measures can reduce crime. It explains that public-area surveillance falls under the category of situational-crime prevention, which stands apart from these other strategies by its singular focus on the setting or place in which criminal acts take place, as well as its crime-specific focus. The chapter discusses the core assumption of both opportunity and informal social-control models of prevention that criminal opportunities and risks are influenced by environmental conditions in interaction with resident and offender characteristics. Thus, though street lighting, closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras, and some physical design changes to buildings and parks do not constitute a physical barrier to crime, they can act as a catalyst to stimulate crime reduction through a change in the perceptions, attitudes, and behavior of residents and potential offenders.

Keywords:   surveillance measures, public-area surveillance, situational-crime prevention, criminal opportunities, street lighting, CCTV cameras, crime reduction

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