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How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?$
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John R. Anderson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195324259

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.001.0001

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The Modular Organization of the Mind

The Modular Organization of the Mind

Chapter:
(p.45) 2 The Modular Organization of the Mind
Source:
How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?
Author(s):

John R. Anderson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324259.003.0002

This chapter describes how the mind — faced with high demands of functioning in the world and the processing constraints of the brain — has developed a structure in which different cognitive functions are performed by different modules and integrated through a central system. A set of eight information-processing modules and the brain regions with which they are associated are described: a visual module in the fusiform gyrus; an aural module in the auditory cortex; a manual and vocal module along the motor strip; a retrieval module in the prefrontal cortex; a goal module in the anterior cingulate; an imaginal module in the posterior parietal cortex; and a procedural module in the basal ganglia. Three examples that illustrate their function are described: a study of time sharing while driving; a laboratory study of perfect time sharing; and an fMRI brain imaging study that activates all eight modules.

Keywords:   brain, modules, driving, perfect time sharing, brain imaging, fMRI

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