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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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Afghanistan and Burma

Afghanistan and Burma

The Two Dominant Producers

Chapter:
(p.111) 6 Afghanistan and Burma
Source:
The World Heroin Market
Author(s):

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0006

This chapter examines heroin production in Afghanistan and Burma. It explains that these two countries jointly have been responsible for 70% to 95% of the world's opium supply. It investigates why and how Afghanistan and Burma have become the two dominant producers, singling out the lack of government control and the parallel rise of quasi-state authorities as key promoting factors of the opiate industry in both countries. It discusses the definition of a narco-state and suggests that both Afghanistan and Burma can be considered as narco-states.

Keywords:   heroin production, Afghanistan, Burma, opium supply, government control, quasi-state authorities, opiate industry, narco-states

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