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The World Heroin MarketCan Supply Be Cut?$
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Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195322996

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.001.0001

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The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality

The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality

Chapter:
(p.201) 10 The Theoretical and Practical Consequences of Variations in Effective Illegality
Source:
The World Heroin Market
Author(s):

Letizia Paoli

Victoria A. Greenfield

Peter Reuter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0010

This chapter explores the distinctive configuration of the opiate market and heroin trade. It proposes a theoretical model of effective illegality that helps to explain the role of government in determining each country's mode of participation in heroin trade. This model integrates economic, political, and sociological concerns and it identifies three stylized cases of enforcement and categorizes countries according to their implementation of international prohibitions on opiate production and trafficking. The model shows that aside from opium poppy cultivation, not all forms of non-enforcement offer the best conditions for illegal drug businesses.

Keywords:   opiate market, heroin trade, effective illegality, theoretical model, international prohibitions, opiate production, opiate trafficking, opium poppy cultivation, non-enforcement, illegal drug businesses

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