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Beyond ReductionPhilosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science$
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Steven Horst

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195317114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.001.0001

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Two Forms of Pluralism

Two Forms of Pluralism

(p.121) 7 Two Forms of Pluralism
Beyond Reduction

Steven Horst (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines two forms of pluralism in philosophy of mind that are suggested by explanatory pluralism in philosophy of science. The first is a radical ontological pluralism suggested by John Dupré. It holds that the explanatory pluralism of the sciences is due to a prior and profligate ontological plurality in nature itself. The second is a view called Cognitive Pluralism. This is the view that theory pluralism is a predictable consequence of our cognitive architecture and of the nature of scientific models, which are partial, domain‐specific, and idealized and employ proprietary representational systems. A model‐based account of cognition in general, and scientific understanding as a special case, is used to account for theory pluralism.

Keywords:   pluralism, radical pluralism, Cognitive Pluralism, ontology, Dupré, Kitcher, representational system, idealization

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