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Beyond ReductionPhilosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science$
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Steven Horst

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195317114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.001.0001

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Two Forms of Pluralism

Two Forms of Pluralism

Chapter:
(p.121) 7 Two Forms of Pluralism
Source:
Beyond Reduction
Author(s):

Steven Horst (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0008

This chapter examines two forms of pluralism in philosophy of mind that are suggested by explanatory pluralism in philosophy of science. The first is a radical ontological pluralism suggested by John Dupré. It holds that the explanatory pluralism of the sciences is due to a prior and profligate ontological plurality in nature itself. The second is a view called Cognitive Pluralism. This is the view that theory pluralism is a predictable consequence of our cognitive architecture and of the nature of scientific models, which are partial, domain‐specific, and idealized and employ proprietary representational systems. A model‐based account of cognition in general, and scientific understanding as a special case, is used to account for theory pluralism.

Keywords:   pluralism, radical pluralism, Cognitive Pluralism, ontology, Dupré, Kitcher, representational system, idealization

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