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Beyond ReductionPhilosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science$
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Steven Horst

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195317114

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.001.0001

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Varieties of Naturalism

Varieties of Naturalism

What Is a Naturalistic Philosophy of Mind?

(p.11) 1 Varieties of Naturalism
Beyond Reduction

Steven Horst (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines several varieties of “naturalism” in philosophy of mind and philosophy of science. In philosophy of mind, it is the view that mental phenomena can be accommodated within the framework of the world of the nature as understood by the natural sciences. However, there are a number of variations on this view. Naturalism takes normative and positive forms. It can be a claim about metaphysics or about explanation. And it can be based on several paradigms for understanding explanation in the natural sciences: reductive, nomic, and evolutionary. The preeminent importance of reductive naturalism in philosophy of mind is explained.

Keywords:   naturalism, explanation, reduction, nomic explanation, evolutionary explanation, metaphysics

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