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Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems$
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Rosalind James and Theresa L. Pitts-Singer

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195316957

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.001.0001

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Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Crops

Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Crops

Chapter:
(p.184) 11 Estimating the Potential for Bee-Mediated Gene Flow in Genetically Modified Crops
Source:
Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems
Author(s):

James E. Cresswell

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0011

This chapter considers methods for quantifying the importance of bees in pollinating a crop and in producing field-to-field cross-pollination and gene flow. Simple theoretical models are presented whose parameters identify key governing influences on bee pollination. The values of some parameters are known, particularly in systems involving honey bees and bumble bees, and their implications for the confinement of genetically-modified crops are discussed. Specific parameters whose values are unknown are identified as targets for future work.

Keywords:   bumble bees, cross-pollination, gene flow, honey bees, models, pollination

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